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AP Art History Teacher Resources

When the world shut down over COVID-19, my first instinct as an art teacher was to use creation as a coping mechanism, for myself and my studio students. For my art history students it was clear that I had to use the historical context in a different way, so I showed this work to my upper level art history class: Toilet Paper Hell by Ichiro Fukuzawa 1974. (If you scroll about halfway down the link, you’ll find the image.)

This Japanese surrealist artist responded to the run on paper products sparked by the oil shock of 1973. In the time of all things quarantine(and all memes toilet paper related), I felt that this was a way to look at our similar situation, and therefore observe the power of art and how artists respond to world events. OR how world events influence the artist. Their final assignment of the year was to find and research any artwork that was created in response to a historical event and create a short presentation.

My students surprised me with a long list of works influenced by some serious world events, and even personal events of the artists. I’ll list just a few examples that my students submitted, including, but not limited to:

  • The Problem We All Live With. Norman Rockwell, Oil on canvas, 1964.
  • Tar Baby vs. St. Sebastian. Michael Richards, Sculpture. 1999.
  • Bootleg Mining. Elizabeth Olds, Lithograph, 1936.
  • La Hara. Basquiat, Acrylic and oil paint stick on canvas, 1981.

Fast forward to May/June 2020 and we now see the streets lined with protestors for the Black Lives Matter Movement. Out of this art has been a huge way in which many express their sorrow, their anger and their desperate need for change.

Now this is where the art history lesson begins. Below you will see what we in the art world call a “Pietà” or translated from Italian meaning “the pity”. This is imagery that many early European Christians would recognize as Mary, mother of Jesus, holding the dead body of Jesus after he has come down off the cross. The image here is Michelangelo’s version, which shows a younger and calm/serene version of Mary, however there are others that are much more gruesome, try looking at the Röttgen Pietà, which is what we study in AP Art History.

Michelangelo: Pietà
The Pietà. Michelangelo, Marble, 1498-99. (Link for attribution)

So I will back track a little here, but stay with me. Images depicting Mary and Jesus prior to a certain time in history, typically depict the two as holy and divine figures, distant looking with stoic faces of reverence and maturity. However, as we see in the various renditions of the pietà this is a very emotional moment in which Jesus is limp in the lap of Mary as she cradles him like a child and she is typically mourning, or showing pain at the witness of her sons death. The pieta was meant to bring a sense of humanity and emotion to these divine beings. Jesus wasn’t just some far off distant divine figure, but he too felt the suffering of the human race.

Fast forward to 2014. In response to the deaths of Michael Brown, Eric Garner, and Tamir Rice and the creation of the Black Lives Matter Movement, an artist by the name of Jon Henry begins a photographic series entitled Stranger Fruit*. He photographs African American Mothers with their children in a pose reminiscent of a grieving Mary holding Jesus in The Pietà. Henry is portraying every mothers worst fear, in a manner that mirrors the inevitability of death. Henry does not use his work to simply react to “what could be” the future of these sons, but he is responding and raising awareness to the systematic racism and inequitable treatment of Black Americans by the police in our country.

Credit: Jon Henry

As art historians, we recognize that art is a release – a way to record our emotional response to the events that are happening all around us. Art also serves as a way to document history and remember what was. But we must also recognize that art can be a catalyst, a way to challenge the societal norms, to challenge the way that people think or view a situation.

Most importantly I know that art can be a call for change.

We are surely in the midst of a moment that will change the face of art and history forever.

If you would like to know more about Jon Henry and his work, he is participating in a lecture tomorrow evening June 9th, 2020 at 7-8:30pm EST. The lecture is free for the public so click THIS LINK to find the Zoom information.

A few resources are linked below if you would like to know more:

*Strange Fruit references a song by the same name, listen and learn about its history.

The title of my post is a little misleading, as the artwork we’ll be looking at today isn’t actually titled The Impact of a Book.

Book VI: El Castillo.” Brick wall and book. Jorge Mendez Blake. 2018.

Impact of a book

I showed this to my Post Art History Seminar class. Jorge Mendez Blake melds literature and his love of architecture into large sculptures. Your eye moves along the wall, noticing a slight convex wave in the center. Upon closer inspection you see that the cause is not what you might think, a tool perhaps, but a book. The book in question titled: El Castillo.  Without delving to much into the context surround Blake’s work, my students begin to ask questions, and make assumptions about the meaning.

Discussion leads to how small ideas can make giant impacts, a ripple effect as it were, and our role as citizens of the world to help effect change. It’s a great way to start the semester and get my students thinking about art and its impact!

How do you create academic conversations in your classroom at the beginning of the year? Share below!

I sent my art history students out into the school to capture some “found art” and create a Title, Date, Artist, and material ID with a short description for their work. These are just a few of the Contemporary works that my students “created” during their scavenger hunt. Such a fun activity!

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How do you help your art history students get out of the classroom and make an impact on the community? Share your thoughts below!

I might be a little late to the party sharing this here BUT my Art History Club and Post Art History Seminar class have created a podcast called ART AS WE KNOW IT! So far we’ve created 4 episodes and we’re creating more content as you read this! Check out these episodes on Spotify (Search Art As We Know it and scroll down to podcasts to find us) OR check out these links below to Buzzsprout where our podcast is hosted!

Season 1 Episode 1: Destruction of Art

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Season 1 Episode 2: Altered Realities

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Season 1 Episode 3: Art of the Comic

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Season 1 Episode 4: Sweet! Art & Food

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If you give us a listen, let me know in the comments below and share it with all your art history friends!

Do you have any other art history podcasts you listen to? Comment your favorites!

Today was a fun experience! Our school has this wonderful resource in our Learning Commons(aka the Library) and today my art history classes got their hands on them!  Our wonderful Librarian had these set up and ready to go for us when we came in, I couldn’t have done it without her! She is such an indispensable resource, she’s even created a spreadsheet that lists expeditions by content area, which is AWESOME! I love being able to collaborate with other teachers and work together to create experiences for students to learn and explore.

We’re into Content Area 3 Early Europe and Colonial Americas, so I found #52 Hagia Sophia and #60 Chartres Cathedral (outside view only) from a street point of view and while the kids were using the goggles I was able to teach them about the structures and their significance.

If you’re not an art history buff or if you don’t teach it, the Google Expeditions app gives prompts for teachers about specific aspects of each architectural piece/place. The teacher uses a tablet to guide students and you can even see where the students are looking and direct them!

This was definitely a fun break, from regular notes, and we got to have a “mini” field trip to the Learning Commons. I think the students really enjoyed it!

Have you ever used Google Expeditions? What other fun technology activities do you use in your classroom? Share below!